Rocks come from magma, which is the molten material found within the earth. When magma cools, either above or below the earth’s surface, it crystallizes and forms the igneous rocks that can later be changed into metamorphic or sedimentary rocks.

Rocks are made of one or more minerals. There are three main classifications of rock, based on the way the rock was formed: sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous (see Teachers Guide 12 – Rocks and Soils Glossary)

Soil is formed of fine rock particles mixed with air, water and particles from dead plant and animal matter. There are three main types of soil which are classified according to the amount of sand and clay in them. (Sand, silt and clay)

Rocks and SoilsTeacher’s Guides

A Teachers Guide 8 A Teachers Guide to Rocks and Soils
A Teachers Guide 9 A Teachers Guide to soil
A Teachers Guide 10A Teachers Guide to the soil experiment
A Teachers Guide 11A Teachers Guide to the Rock Cycle
A Teachers Guide 12Rocks and Soils Glossary

Rocks and Soils worksheets

Rocks and Soils Worksheet 36 Rocks quiz
Rocks and Soils Worksheet 37Rocks and Soils fact file
Rocks and Soils Worksheet 38 Soils Quiz
Rocks and Soils Worksheet 39Observing & describing soil (Jam Jar experiment)
Rocks and Soils Worksheet 40 The Rock Cycle
Rocks and Soils Worksheet 41Wordsearch


Rocks and Soils worksheet Rocks quiz 036a (answers)
Rocks and Soils worksheetRocks and Soils fact file 037a (answers)
Rocks and Soils worksheet Soils Quiz 038a (answers)
Rocks and Soils worksheetThe Rock Cycle 040a (answers)
Rocks and Soils worksheetWordsearch 041a (answers)